Humble ISD History
BIRTH CERTIFICATES REQUIRED -- The school district had been experiencing problems with parents enrolling their children before the acceptable age, and then falsely claiming the children were older than they actually were. To combat the problem, the school district required each new student to provide a birth ceritifcate starting in the 1940-1941 school year.1
AFRICAN-AMERICAN GENERAL -- Benjamin O. Davis, Sr. is appointed as a General in the United States Army, becoming the first African-American to hold such a position.
12TH GRADE ADDED -- Following a statewide trend, Humble ISD adopted the Twelve Grade System for their schools starting in the 1940-1941 school year. The extra grade-level of work was added into the junior high school grades.2
IMMUNIZATIONS REQUIRED -- For the 1940-1941 school year, Humble ISD required all students to be immunized against contagious diseases.3
PEARL HARBOR -- Japan launches a surprise attack on the U. S. base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, bringing the United States into the War. Italy and Germany also declare war on the United States.
ENLISTMENTS SHOWS TEXAS BEHIND IN EDUCATION -- The U. S. Government had a rare opportunity to see how educaiton in each of the states compared to each other in World War II. The government expected local draft boards to reject about 2% of enlistees due to either poor health, or due to poor educational preparation. Instead, local boards ended up rejecting about 40% of enlistees. After theremaining 60% were in the service, the army dismissed another 15%. The rejections form poo health were attributed to poor nutrition in children. In Texas, this problem would eventually lead to reform in the educaitonal curriculum, and an increase in physical education requirements and better school nutrition for students.4
FLOYD BURTON BECOMES SUPERINTENDENT -- Superintendent Frank Allenson resigned at the end of 1941-1942 school year to become Superintendent of the Brenham Public Schools. To replace him, the school board hired Floyd Burton as the 8th Superintendent of Humble.5 Dr. Burton had previously worked in Humble ISD, but left to become Superintendent of Lovelady, Texas.
Dr. Floyd Burton
COLORED SCHOOL AGREEMENT -- Humble ISD entered into an agreement with the Aldine ISD regarding operation of the Colored School in Bordersville. As outlined in the agreement, Humble ISD would furnish the buildings and keep them in repair, while Aldine ISD would furnish the furniture, supplies, equipment and teachers. Colored students from both districts would be eligible to attend the school.6
BATTLE OF MIDWAY -- The Battle of the Midway is fought at Midway Islands in the Pacific with the Japanese fleet encountering its first major defeat of the war against the United States military.
JAPANESE INTERNMENT -- The United States and Canada begin the unjust removal and internment of Japanese-Americans and Japanese-Canadians in the fear that they will become a security threat during the war.
UNDERWATER BREATHING -- Jacques Cousteau and Emile Gagnan incent the "Aqualung."
RACE RIOTS -- Race riots in Detroit and Harlem cause forty deaths and seven hundred injuries.
SALARY SCHEDULE -- The following yearly salary schedule was adopted for the 1944-1945 school-year.7
Teachers - Elementary: $1,170-$1,665; Junior High: $1,215-$1,710; High School: $1,260-$1,755
Coaches: $2,000 - $2,400
Principals - Elementary: $1,950 - $2,250; Jr. & Sr. High: $2,200 - $2,500
D-DAY INVASION -- The Normandy Invasion, D-Day, occurs when 155,000 Allied troops storm the beaches of France and begin the World War II invasion of Europe.
END OF THE WAR -- World War II ends as Allied and Soviet forces make their way toward Germany, liberating concentration camps along the way.
ATOMIC BOMB -- In an effort to end World War II, the United States becomes the only country to use an atomic bomb in combat. An atomic bomb is dropped on the Japanese city of Hiroshima on August 6, 1945, and three days later another one is dropped on the Nagasaki.
$200,000 SCHOOLHOUSE BOND -- The Humble citizens successfully passed a $200,000 Schoolhouse bond election. It was passed 136 to 50.8 The funds were used to construct a new Humble Elementary School campus on Charles Street, although it wouldn't cover the full cost. The cost to build Humble Elementary School was approximately $260,000, leaving $60,000 to be covered by operations and maintenance expenses over the next six year.
SCHOOL LUNCH PROGRAM -- The Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act goes into effect, providing low-cost or free school lunch meals to qualified students through subsisidies provided by the federal government.
GRADUATION REQUIREMENTS INCREASE -- Humble ISD increased the number of credits required to graduate from high school. For 1946-1947, 18 credits were graduate. This consisted of a minimum of 16 academic credits, and up to 2 credits of another activity, such as music, P.E., etc. The requirements was raised to 19 credits for 1947-1948, and 20 credits for 1948-1949.9
ENIAC -- The ENIAC (Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer), the first programmable electronic computer, is unveiled at the University of Pennsylvania.
TRANSISTOR -- The transistor is invented at Bell Laboratories by WIlliam Schocklet, Walter Brattain, and John Bardeen.
DESTRUCTION OF THE COLORED SCHOOL -- An overnight fire totally destroyed the Colored School, which was located at the east end of Bordersville. It was suspected that arson was to blame for the fire. Fearing for the long-term safety of the colored students, the Humble worked with the Aldine ISD and the County School Board to transfer all colored students to the Aldine schools.10
COLOR BARRIER IS BROKEN -- Major League Baeball's barrier against colored players is broken when Jackie Robinson debuts at first base fot he Brooklyn Dodgers.
SICK LEAVE POLICY ESTABLISHED -- Humble ISD implemented a new sick leave policy for teachers. In prior years, teachers were docked a full days pay if absent from work. Starting with the 1948-1949 school-year, teachers would be allowed 5 days for sick leave, which applied when the teacher was sick or in case of a death in immediate family. However, the teacher could not use one of these sick days if someone in the immediate family was sick.11
GANDHI -- The beloved Indian independence leader and pacifist Mhatma Gandhi is assassinated.
SEGREGATION OF MEXICAN-AMERICAN CHILDREN -- In Delgado vs. Bastrop ISD, a District Court Judge ruled that segregation of Mexican-American children (based on their national origin) was illegal.
R. E. SMITH -- Humble ISD bestowed an honorary high school degree upon Robert Everett Smith in May 1948. Smith was a Houston oilman. He left high school in Humble before graduating, and made a living the next few years as a baseball player and a roughneck in the oil fields. He began a successful business career starting as a drilling contractor and producer in the 1920s. His wealth began to grow starting in the 1930s, as he acquired 36 oil wells in the East Texas Field, owned a paper in Pasadena, and built the Galveston Yacht Basin. He was instrumental in acquiring the Colt 45 major league baseball team in 1962 (the team that later became the Houston Astros). In 1964, he owned more land that any other person in Harris County, and left a fortune of over $500 million when he died in 1973.
Robert Everett Smith receieving an honorary
high school diploma from Charles Bender High School
HIGH ENROLLMENT FOR THE 1940s -- The 1948-1949 school-year was the highest enrollment year for the 1940s: 913 students were enrolled in the Humble schools that year. The lowest enrollment year of the 1940s was the 1946-1947 school-year, with just 687 students. The enrollment figures did not vary much during the 1940s; the median enrollment figure throughout the decade was 748 students.
NEW ELEMENTARY BUILDING -- A new Humble Elementary School building opened at the beginning of the 1949-1950 school-year. It was the first new school building to open in Humble in 19 years. Work on the new school begane with the passing of a bond in 1946, purchasing the land in 1947, and starting construction in 1948.
GILMER-AIKEN -- The Gilmer-Aiken committee was established by the Texas Legislature in 1947 to study educaitonal reform in the Texas public school system. It was named after State Represnetative Calud Gilmer and State Senator A. M. Aiken. Three bills were adopted by the State Legislature based on proposals from the Gilmer-Aiken Committee. Changes from these bills included:
- Consolidation of 4,500 school districts in 2,900 more efficient districts
- State equalization funding was used to supplemental local taxes
- Higher salaries for teachers to attract more teachers to the classrooms
- State funding became dependent on attendance
- Created the State Department of Education as an elected twenty-one member board, which apponts a Commissioner of Education (formerly the State Board of Education was a nine-member appointed board, and an elected State Superintendent of Public Instruction)
- Required all children receive twelve years of schooling, each consiting of nine-month with a minimum of 175 teacher days.
Overall, the Gilmer-Aiken laws raised the standard of education throughout the state, and reduced inequalities.
FUNDRAISING LIMIT -- The district put a limit on when funds could be raised from students during school. The only fundraising that could occur during the school day was for (1) the annual Community Chest Drive, (2) the sale of Christmas Seals, and (3) for Red Cross Memberships.12
FIRST PASSENGER JET - The first test flight of the De Havilland Comet takes place. It would later become the first commercial passenger jet.
- Dr. Robert Meaux
Last updated on 06/07/2018 7:01 AM
- Humble School Board Minutes, 02/07/1940
- Humble School Board Minutes, 05/07/1940
- Humble School Board Minutes, 08/27/1940
- Preuss, Gene B. To Get a Better School System: One Hundred Years of Education Reform in Texas. College Station: Texas A & M University Press, 2009. Page 68
- Humble School Board Minutes, 04/27/1942
- Humble School Board Minutes, 08/04/1942
- Humble School Board Minutes, 05/02/1944
- Humble School Board Minutes, 04/08/1946
- Humble School Board Minutes, 09/09/1946
- Humble School Board Minutes, 08/05/1947
- Humble School Board Minutes, 03/02/1948
- Humble School Board Minutes, 10/04/1949