Anaphylaxis is a life-threatening type of allergic reaction. Symptoms can occur within seconds of exposure and must be treated immediately.
Causes of Anaphylaxis:
o Tree nuts (almonds, walnuts, cashews, and Brazil nuts)
o Dairy products
· Wasp or bee stings
· Fire ants
· Exercise, heat, and or cold
· Idiopathic (unknown cause)
Symptoms of Anaphylaxis:
· Swelling, tingling, itching of the mouth, lips, tongue
· Swelling of the face, extremities
· Difficulty breathing, wheezing
· Hives, itchy rash
· Anxiety, feelings of panic or of impending doom
· Generalized flushing (redness and warmth) of the skin
· Abdominal cramps, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea
· Rapid pulse
· Sudden weakness, fatigue
· Pale or blue skin, chills
If anaphylaxis is suspected call the nurse immediately and/or send student to the clinic with an escort.
Acting fast is important.
If you, your child or someone you're caring for shows signs or symptoms of a life-threatening allergic reaction, administer EpiPen® or EpiPen Jr® (epinephrine) Auto-Injector immediately as prescribed and seek emergency medical care. Because they act more slowly than epinephrine and do not treat the life-threatening symptoms of anaphylaxis, antihistamines are not recommended as first-line treatment for anaphylaxis.
It's important to administer epinephrine at the first signs of anaphylaxis. A delay in administering epinephrine can be life-threatening.