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    Image result for picture of a child in anaphylaxis

    ANAPHYLAXIS

     

    Anaphylaxis is a life-threatening type of allergic reaction.  Symptoms can occur within seconds of exposure and must be treated immediately.

     

    Causes of Anaphylaxis:

    ·          Foods

    o   Peanuts

    o   Tree nuts (almonds, walnuts, cashews, and Brazil nuts)

    o   Sesame

    o   Fish

    o   Shellfish

    o   Dairy products

    o   Eggs

    ·         Wasp or bee stings

    ·         Fire ants

    ·         Latex

    ·         Medications

    ·         Exercise, heat, and or cold

    ·         Idiopathic (unknown cause)

     

    Symptoms of Anaphylaxis:

    ·         Swelling, tingling, itching of the mouth, lips, tongue

    ·         Swelling of the face, extremities

    ·         Difficulty breathing, wheezing

    ·         Hives, itchy rash

    ·         Anxiety, feelings of panic or of impending doom

    ·         Generalized flushing (redness and warmth) of the skin

    ·         Abdominal cramps, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea

    ·         Rapid pulse

    ·         Sudden weakness, fatigue

    ·         Pale or blue skin, chills

    ·        Unconsciousness

     

    If anaphylaxis is suspected call the nurse immediately and/or send student to the clinic with an escort.

    Acting fast is important.

    If you, your child or someone you're caring for shows signs or symptoms of a life-threatening allergic reaction, administer EpiPen® or EpiPen Jr® (epinephrine) Auto-Injector immediately as prescribed and seek emergency medical care. Because they act more slowly than epinephrine and do not treat the life-threatening symptoms of anaphylaxis, antihistamines are not recommended as first-line treatment for anaphylaxis.

    It's important to administer epinephrine at the first signs of anaphylaxis. A delay in administering epinephrine can be life-threatening.