RtI Tier One Articulation Screening
Articulation screenings are included as part of the district's RtI (Response to Intervention) Tier One Support, will be conducted routinely for all second-grade students. As the majority of speech sound development should occur by or during the second-grade year, screening at this level should facilitate identification of students possibly in need of additional services.
Articulation Screenings are conducted by campus or district speech-language pathologists to check the development of students' articulation skills (how they produce speech sounds) for possible articulation delays or disorders. Based on results of the screenings, the speech-language pathologist determines possible recommendations. When a student does not pass the screening, dependent upon the number and types of errors observed, the speech-language pathologist may recommend a recheck to allow time for natural development, consideration of referral for "Artic Lab", or referral to Special Education for a Full and Individual Evaluation (FIE).
Artic Lab, an RtI Tier Two Support, is recommended when a student produces a single sound error (for example, distortion, or imprecise production of /r/ or /s/) that is no longer considered to be developmentally appropriate. Students meet with the speech-language pathologist for a 20-25-minute session to address the articulation error with home practice activities to facilitate carryover of sound production. Research indicates that students should demonstrate success in no more than 17 hours of instruction when this intervention is successful.
For students demonstrating more than one articulation of concern, recommendation for Full and Individual Evaluation (FIE) may be recommended. Consistent with state and federal guidelines, when a student is referred for FIE, formal assessment is required in all areas of suspected disability. Therefore, if additional educational concerns exist, formal assessment will be needed in those areas as well if success has not been achieved through RtI.
Articulation Screening Request
Articulation screening for students at other grade levels who demonstrate possible articulation concerns may be requested by the student’s parent, or by his or her teacher after gaining permission from the parent.
Guidelines for Articulation Development
Current district guidelines for development of individual speech sounds, which are based on state articulation guidelines, are as follows:
Grade Sounds Emerge Speech Sounds Kindergarten
/m/, /b/, /p/, /w/, /t/, /d/, /n/, /k/, /g/, "ng"; /f/; and approximation of /s/ blends
First Grade /l/ Second Grade /s/, /z/, "sh", "ch", "j", /r/ and vocalic "r" ("er") Third Grade voiced and voiceless "th"