Humble ISD History
1960s Major Events of the Decade
- Democrat John F. Kennedy wins the U.S. Presidential Election after defeating Republican Richard Nixon.
- The Organization of Petroleum Countries (OPEC) is created.
- TIROS-1, the first weather satellite, is launched by the U.S.
- Soviet Cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin becomes the first person in space. One month later, Alan Shepard becomes the first American in space.
- Construction on the Berlin Wall begins in an effort to separate East and West Berlin.
- The Bay of Pigs invasion is an unsuccessful U.S. backed operation to overthrow Fidel Castro in Cuba.
- The Peace Corps is created.
- The Cuban Missile Crisis has the world on the edge of another World War as the United States and USSR come close to launching nuclear attacks.
- James Meredith becomes the first African-American student to enroll at the University of Mississippi.
- The comic book character of Spider-Man makes his debut in the Amazing Fantasy #15 comic.
- The Beatles release their first single, "Love Me Do," in the United Kingdom.
- Sam Walton opens the first Wal-Mart store in Arkansas.
- United States President John F. Kennedy is assassinated by Lee Harvey Oswald.
- U.S. Civil Rights Leader Martin Luther King, Jr. gives his famous "I Have a Dream" speech.
- The United States begins to use Zip Codes.
- The BBC broadcasts the very first episodes of the iconic television show "Doctor Who."
- United States President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act of 1964 into law.
- NASA's Mariner 4 space probe successfully approaches Mars and becomes the first spacecraft to take images of a planet from deep space.
- Sidney Poitier wins the Academy Award for "Best Actor"becoming the first black actor to win that honor.
- The computer coding language BASIC (Beginner's All-Purpose Symbolic Instruction Code) is introduced.
- The Ford Motor Company begins to produce and sell the Ford Mustang.
- The Voting Rights Act is signed into law by President Lyndon Johnson.
- Soviet Cosmonaut Aleksei Leonov becomes the first person to perform a space walk.
- Martin Luther King, Jr. leads a peaceful civil rights march from Selma to Montgomery in Alabama.
- The Vietnam War escalates and opposition to it begins to mount as anti-Vietnam protests become more common.
- The first episode of the popular television show "Star Trek" airs.
- The Soviet Union's Luna 9 unmanned spacecraft lands on the Moon.
- The Houston Astrodome is built with the dome measuring 710 ft diameter.
- All cigarette packets in the United States must carry the health warning "Caution! Cigarette smoking may be hazardous to your health."
- Rolling Stone publishes its first magazine issue.
- The Green Bay Packers and the Kansas City Chiefs play against each other in the first Super Bowl, with the Packers winning 35 to 10.
- Thurgood Marshall is appointed to the Supreme Court and becomes the first African American.
- Civil Rights leader Martin Luther King, Jr. is assassinated in April by James Earl Ray.
- The Civil Rights Act of 1968 is signed into law by President Johnson.
- Richard Nixon wins the United States presidential election.
- The first manned Apollo mission, Apollo 7, is launched by NASA.
- Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin become the first men to arrive on the Moon during NASA's Apollo 11 mission.
- The Woodstock music festival takes place in New York and features such acts as Janis Joplin, Jimi Hendrix, Jefferson Airplane, and The Who.
- AARPANET, the predecessor to the Internet, relays its first communications between UCLA and Stanford.
- The popular children's television show "Sesame Street" debuts.