Humble ISD History
1950s Major Events of the Decade
- The Diner's Club begins issuing the first credit cards.
- Famous physicist Albert Einstein warns the world that nuclear war would lead to mutual destruction.
- The United States begins the development and production of the hydrogen bomb.
- "I Love Lucy" premieres on television on the CBS network.
- DJ Alan Freed coins the term "Rock n' Roll."
- The United States ratifies the 22nd amendment, limiting a president to two terms.
- Elizabeth II becomes the Queen of England after her father, George VI, dies.
- The first hydrogen bomb is successfully detonated by the United States.
- Puerto Rico is named as a self-governing commonwealth of the U.S.
- The first issue of the comedy-driven MAD magazine is published.
- The Double Helix DNA Model is revealed by Francis Crick and James Watson.
- Jonas Salk develops the first polio vaccine.
- The first James Bond novel, "Casino Royale," is published by British author Ian Fleming.
- The U.S. Supreme Court rules that racial segregation is unconstitutional in public schools in their unanimous decision of Brown v. Board of Education.
- U.S. Senator Joseph McCarthy is censured by the Senate, ending his four year long hunt for Communists within the United States government.
- Frozen TV Dinners are introduced by Swanson.
- Ellis Island ceases to be a point of immigration into the U.S. when it officially closes.
- The popular children's television show "The Mickey Mouse Club" premieres. The Disneyland theme park in California also opened during this year.
- Rosa Parks is arrested in Alabama after she refuses to give up her bus seat to a white passenger, sparking the Civil Rights Movement.
- The McDonald's chain of restaurants is started by Ray Kroc.
- The United States adds "In God We Trust" to all paper currency.
- The popular musician Elvis Presley has his first hit song, "Heartbreak Hotel."
- American Actress Grace Kelly marries Prince Rainier of Monaco.
- The Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1956 becomes law, allowing for the mass construction of tens of thousands of interstate highways in the U.S.
- Albert Sabin creates the oral polio vaccine to replace the Salk vaccine.
- The USSR successfully launches Sputnik 1, the first artificial satellite. They also launched Sputnik 2 later in the year, a satellite that carried the first animal into space.
- The "Baby Boom" peaks during this year.
- Nine African-American student enroll at Little Rock Central High School in Arkansas and are met with resistance by protesters and the state's governor. Federal troops end up escorting the students into the school at the command of President Eisenhower.
- The microchip is co-invented by Robert Noyce and Jack Kilby.
- NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) is created.
- The popular children's toy, the Hula-Hoop, is created by Wham-O.
- The Cuban revolution ends and Fidel Castro comes to power, creating the first Communist nation in the West.
- Alaska and Hawaii are admitted as the 49th and 50th states in the U.S.
- The Soviet Union's Luna 2 spacecraft becomes the first man-made object to touch the surface of the Moon after it crashes.
- The first astronauts are introduced by NASA (John H. Glenn, Jr. and Alan Shepherd, Jr).