Humble ISD History
1920s Major Events of the Decade
- With the ending of World War I a housing boom in Britain and the United States leads to an increase in home ownership.
- Nineteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution is ratified on August 18, giving women the right to vote.
- The 18th Amendment (Volstead Act / National Prohibition Act ) goes into force at the beginning of the decade which in turn leads to increased black market alcohol that is sold in speakeasies and run by mobsters who pay off local politicians.
- The famous and iconic "Chanel No. 5" perfume is created by Coco Chanel.
- The Communist Party of China is created.
- The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) is created in 1922.
- The British Broadcasting Company (BBC) is formed and financed by a Post Office license fee of 10 shillings, payable by anyone owning a radio receiver.
- The Fordney-McCumber Act places a high tariff on imports into the United States.
- Fifty thousand people affected during Lower Louisiana Floods in 1922.
- King Tutankhamun's Tomb is opened by Howard Carter.
- Insulin is mass-produced for the treatment of diabetes.
- The first Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade is held on November 27th, 1924.
- Ellis Island closes as an immigration entry point to the US.
- The very first Winter Olympics are held. They take place in Chamonix, France.
- The Indian Citizenship Act confers citizenship on all Native Americans born within the United States.
- The first around-the-world flight is completed after 175 days by two places from the United States Army.
- The Butler Act which prohibits evolution from being taught in public schools is passed in Tennessee in 1925 it is not repealed until 1967.
- The classic novel "The Great Gatsby" is published by American author F. Scott Fitzgerald.
- Sears Roebuck opens its first retail store in Chicago, Illinois in 1925. Sears had been selling through Home Shopping Catalogs since 1893 and would continue selling through catalogs for next 70 years at the same time as building one of the largest chain stores in the country.
- The first television transmitter is developed by John Logie Baird in Great Britain.
- Route 66, a major U.S. road running from Chicago to Los Angeles, is opened.
- The Holland Tunnel under the Hudson River opens connecting New York City with New Jersey in 1927.
- In 1927, Charles Lindbergh flies The Spirit of St. Louis across the Atlantic nonstop and solo, direct from New York City to Paris, as the first solo transatlantic flight.
- Work begins on Mount Rushmore in the late 1920's carving the faces of George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt and Abraham Lincoln. It takes nearly 15 years to complete.
- Amelia Earhart flies across the Atlantic Ocean as a passenger, becoming the first woman to do so successfully.
- The "Iron Lung," a device used to help polio patients breathe, is created by Philip Drinker and Louis Shaw.
- Alexander Fleming discovers penicillin in 1928 which changed the world of modern medicines by introducing the age of antibiotics.
- Republican candidate Herbert Hoover wins the United States presidential election after defeating the Democratic candidate, Al Smith.
- Walt Disney's famous Mickey Mouse cartoon character appears for the first time in "Steamboat Willie."
- During most of the decade turf wars between rival gangs were frequent and extremely violent. The best known of the many was Al Capone's Saint Valentine's Day Massacre in Chicago during 1929.
- At the end of the 20's after a time of excesses in all areas, the stock market crashed on Black Thursday (October 24th, 1929) and caused the start of the The Great Depression.
- The first Academy Awards (Oscars) for film-making and film actors are held in Los Angeles.